Fjords, it is a long narrow bay formed by glacial erosion of river valleys during the Ice Ages and consisting of one or more basins separated by sills. The opening towards the sea is called the mouth of the fjord, and is often shallow. The fjord’s inner part is called the sea bottom. As Fjords are famous in Norway, but there are many more fjords in other countries which are beautiful and long. So, this is the list of those beautiful Fjords which are not in Norway.
In Oceanography terminology, fjords are estuaries, i.e. semienclosed bodies of water in which sea water is measurably, diluted by fresh water from land drainage. The Fjords are formed by the giant glacier tongues that through several ice ages have shaped the landscaped. Thus, it is a U-shaped undersea valley, this valley is often surrounded by dramatic mountain scenery. The water in fjords comes from 2 sources: the ocean supplies salt water, which being dense fills most of the fjord basin; rivers provide lighter fresh water, which forms a layer on top of the salt water. The rivers flowing into fjords are fed by rainfall draining from their watersheds and, in summer, by meltwater from mountain snowfields and glaciers. Glacial meltwater usually carries finely ground rock (rock flour), which gives it a milky appearance. Most of this material is deposited to form the flat bottom which is so typical of many fjords. There are many fjords on the coasts of Norway, Iceland, Greenland, Alaska, British Columbia, and Chile.
- Lough Swilly : It is a glacial fjord in Ireland, inlet lying between the western side of the Inishowen Peninsula and the Fanad Peninsula, At the northern extremities of the lough are Fanad Head with its famous lighthouse and Dunaff Head and it is also famous for its wildlife-watching like dolphins, porpoise, sea birds, migratory geese and swans and diving on the numerous ship wrecks.
- Howe Sound : It is in the Strait of Georgia, in the North America’s southern most fjord. It is located between Metro Vancouver and the Sunshine Coast. It extends for 42 km from the West Vancouver northwards to the Squamish. There are several islands in the sound, three of which are large and mountainous in their own right. It is surrounded by towering peaks that rise straight out of the sea. It is Vancouver’s playground for sailing, fishing, camping, diving and many more activities.
- Kenai Fjord : It is a 669,984 acre National Park on the Kenai Peninsula in southern central Alaska, near the town of Seward. The park contains the Harding Icefield, which is one of the largest Icefield in the United States. The National Park is named for the numerous fjords carved by glaciers moving down the mountains from the Icefield. The Park’s beautiful landscape includes spectacular mountains with great glaciers flowing down between them to the sea, as well as mile deep fjords that provide a habitat for thousands of nesting sea bird, and smaller marine animals like harbour seals, sea lions, minke, humpback, fin whales and sea otters. To see the tidewater glaciers and the park’s abundant marine wildlife tourist take advantage of tour-boat cruises along the coast for dipping into such massive fjords.
- Aisén Fjord : It is a 70 km long Fjord on the mainland of Chile. The Aisén river discharges at the head of Aysen Fjord. Puerto Chacabuco is situated by the shores at the head of the fjord. The landscape of the Asién Region in the Southern Chile is marked by several glaciations that formed a lot of lakes, channels, and beautiful fjord. The Laguna San Rafael National Park can be seen only by boat or plane. It is one of the most popular tourist destination in this area. The Park have some beautiful higher mountains of Patagonia. Here you can experience the grandeur of the glacier and can explore using smaller boats which glide among the icebergs. You will be able to swim in hot springs on shore, or go for fishing or sightseeing in smaller boats.
- Misty Fjord : It is a remote and wild National Monument on the Southern Alaska. It is about 64 km. It is in gouged deep U-shape troughs throughout the monument. Many of the glacial valleys are filled with sea water and are called “canals”, but they are not man-made in any way, the walls of these valleys are near-vertical. Here there is abundance in wildlife like, Grizzly, Black Bears, and many species of Salmon, Whales, Mountain Goats, and Deer. You can take cruise trip through the narrow steep-walled fjords or fly over the monuments on tourist aircraft from Ketchikan or Juneau, Alaska. And you can enjoy the Sea- Kayaking.
- Ilulissat Icefjord : It is a Fjord in western Greenland. It possesses great beauty created by the Inland Ice, the Glaciers, and the majestic Iceberg. In 2004, it was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is 40 km long, from Greenland ice sheet to Disko Bay. It is designated as a protected area of outstanding beauty. The area around the head of the Icefjord is an amazing site, where icebergs from one of the world’s fastest moving glaciers, which creates fantastic and dramatic scenery.
- Doubtful Sound : It is very large and deepest fjord in Fiordland, in the far south west of New Zealand. It took second place after Milford Sound as New Zealand’s most famous tourist destination. With its rugged peaks, rainforest and twisting, hidden inlets, Doubtful Sound will take your breath away. It is a home to abundant wildlife you may see bottlenose dolphins and fur seals or catch a glimpse of a rare Fiordland Crested Penguin. Getting to Doubtful Sound is more adventure itself because there is no direct road access, the only way you get to Doubtful Sound is by a Cruise across Lake Manapouri and a coach trip over Wilmot Pass. This isolation makes the fjord more special and beautiful place.
- Uummannaq Fjord : It is also spelled as Umanak. It is a large fjord in the northern part of western Greenland. It is about 160 km long and 24-48 km wide. The inlet divides into several smaller fjords extending eastwards to the inland Icecap. The area comprises deep fjords with tall, distinctive mountains and with ice, iceberg and glaciers. In winters, day can be spent by dog sledding on the fjord ice, whereas in summers, you can take a short hike to Julemanden’s Hytte. Sailing to the glacier in the area or ongoing on a whale safari is an another option in summers.
- Milford Sound : It is a fjord in the south west of the New Zealand’s South Island. It is known to be as a New Zealand’s most famous tourist destination. Rudyard Kipling had called it as a Eighth Wonder of the World. It is 15 kilometres long inland from the Tasman Sea at Dale Point which is the mouth of the fiord and is surrounded by sheer rock faces that rise 1,200 metres (3,900 ft) or more on either side. And the peaks are ‘The Elephant’ which is at 1,517 metres (4,977 ft), said to resemble an elephant’s head and ‘The Lion’ which is at 1,302 metres (4,272 ft), is in the shape of a crouching lion. Lush rain forests are there on these cliffs, while seals, dolphins, penguins can frequently seen in the water and whales can also be seen sometimes. Here Boat Cruises are there during the day or overnight, which is an excellent way to experience the Sound. Adventurous activities can also be done like sea kayaking, diving or flightseeing.
- Scoresby Sund Fjord : It is the largest and longest fjord system in the World. The length of the fjord is approximately 350 km from the coastline. The depth is 400-600 metre in the main body but this increases up to 1,450 metre. Here you will see towering cliffs, massive icebergs, which rarely are seen in Arctic and a variety of wildlife like musk, oxen, foxes, snow buntings and whales. This fjord is spectacular for cruising, hiking, photographing, learning, reveling in such breadth of beauty will be an unforgettable experience. Ittoqqortoormiit is the largest town in the area, near the mouth of the fjord, which was founded in 1822. It is the most isolated community in Greenland.
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