A Geyser is a spring, from which water is erupted following the vapour or steam. Even a small geyser is an amazing phenomenon: however some geysers have eruptions that blast thousands of gallons, of boiling hot water up to a few hundred feet up in the air.
Three components must be present for geysers to exist : an abundant supply of water, an intense source of heat, and unique plumbing. Water is common in nature, heat can come from volcanic activity,but the plumbing is critical. For water to be thrown into the air, geyser plumbing must be through water and tight pressure.
Most of the world’s geysers occur in just five countries: United States, Russia, Chile, New Zealand and Iceland. All of these locations are where there is geologically recently volcanic activity and a source of hot rocks below the Earth. Worldwide there are only 1000 geysers. So, here is the list of some natural Geysers around the World:
- Strokkur Geyser : It is a fountain geyser in the Haukadalur geothermal area,bedides the Hvítá River in Iceland about 90 minutes drive east of Reykjavik. It is one of Iceland’s most famous Geyser. It erupts once every 4-8 minutes and it gets as high as 20 metres. Once it was measured as 40 metres. Its surrounding area attracts tourist to view the geysers, as this is one of few natural geyser which erupts frequently.
- Valley of Geyser : One of Russia’s seven wonders, Valley of Geysers is the second largest geyser field in the world, with about 90 geysers in 6 km long basin and many hot springs is situated on the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Russia. It was discovered in 1941 by local scientist Tatyana Ustinova. Here the temperature have been found to be 250°C , 500 m below the caldera ground. It is a popular tourist attraction place in Kamchatka.
- The Great Geysir: It is in the Haukadalur valley on the slopes of Laugarfjall hill. It is one of the main attractions on the Iceland’s most popular sight seeing tour.Though Eruptions are infrequent but still it can hurl boiling water up to 70 metres in the air.
- Old Faithful : It is a cone geyser, in Wyoming in Yellow Stone National Park, U.S. It was named by the Washburn-Langford-Doane-Expedition in 1870 as Old faithful for its nearly regular schedule of eruptions. It is a grand old geyser of Yellow Stone because of its frequent and predictable eruptions. The average height of the eruption is 145 ft and the average interval between eruption is between 45-90 minutes and the average duration is about four minutes. Here the temperature have been found to be around 118°C.
- Jigokudani Monkey Park : The meaning of the name Jigokudani means “Hell’s valley). It is a famous hot spring park in Yamanouchi, Shimotakai District, Nagano Perfecture Japan. It is known as hell valley due to the steam and boiling water that bubbles out of the frozen ground, surrounded by the steep cliffs and formidably cold and hostile forests. It is famous for its large population of wild Japanese Macaques (or snow monkeys) that go to the valley during winters when snow covers the park and during the warmer months they assist elsewhere in the national park. They descend from the steep cliffs from the forest to sit in the warmer place in warm water of the hot spring, and return to the forest in evening.
- Orakei Korako : It is highly active geothermal wonderland, one of the nature’s true gifts. It literally means “The Glittering place of Adorning”, a place where the Maori women used the hot spring to bathe and beautify themselves for ceremonies, among the glittering silica terraces. It is located in the valley north of Taupo on the banks of the Waikato River in the Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand.
- La Bufadaro : La Bufardo (The Blowhole) is an amazing natural marine geyser that is capable of shooting water well over 60 feet above in the air. It is located on the Punta Banda Peninsula in Baja California, Mexico. It is considered to be second largest marine geyser in the world. Its phenomenon is caused by ocean waves being forced into a partially submerged sea cavern, causing great amount of air and water pressure to build.