Plunge Waterfall are those waterfall that drop vertically usually without touching the underlying rocks on the way down. This happens simply when a river spills out water over a ledge, and the water descend vertically without touching the cliff face. This type of waterfall would take longer to retreat, since the hard rock over which the water is flowing is more resistant to erosion. It always start from a narrow stream.
They often make for a great spectacles as they fall sudden over sheer drops in breathtaking flood. View from the top are sometimes dizzying to say the least. We have found 10 tallest and most beautiful Plunge Waterfall around the world for your wonderment.
- Havasu Falls : It is the most famous and most visited waterfall of Havasu Creek, located in the Grand Canyon, Arizona. It leaps spectacularly over 37 metres (120 ft) vertical cliff. Due to high mineral water, and its erosive power causes the configuration of the falls and it sometimes break into two separate channels of water. The vibrant blue water contrasts against the striking red rocks of the Canyon Walls falls into the wide pool of blue-green waters.
- Howick Falls : It is known as the “Place of the Tall One” in Howick, KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. It falls from the height of approx 95 metres (310 ft) and lies on the Umengi River. Though it is not the tallest Plunge Waterfall in the world but it is certainly one of the most beautiful. According to the local legends, the plunge pool at the bottom is the home of the Inkanyamba, Loch Ness-type creature. According to lore, it is believed that only sangomas can safely approach the falls and only to offer prayers to the Inkanyamba, ancestral spirits and the ‘Great God’.
- Jog Falls : It is the second highest Plunge Waterfall in India. The height of the fall is 253 m (830 ft) dropping down into a deep chasm. The water comes down in four distinct, segmented falls which is fed by Sharavathi River. It is located in Sagara taluk, Karnataka. It is also known as Gersoppa Falls and Jogada Gundi. It is the major tourist attraction place. Other beautiful place near the waterfall are the Swarna Nadi river bank, the Sharavathi Valley, and the lush green forest around the waterfall. The best to time to visit Jog fall is during the monsoon. It is the ideal time to see the waterfall. The water falls with great force that it creates a cloud of vapour.
- Trou de fer (“Iron Hole”) : It is a canyon on the Reunion Island, in the Indian Ocean. It falls from a height of 300 metres (1,000 ft) . It is a series of leaps into a huge slot canyon. It might be one of the most remote, spectacular sights in the world. The water plunges into an enormous green crater. It is created by the Bras de Caverne River.
- Nohkalikai Falls : It is an absolutely stunning example of the Plunge Waterfall in India. It is the tallest Plunge Waterfall in Cheerapunji, Meghalaya, India and it is the fifth highest waterfall in India. It descends from the height of 340 metres (1,115 ft). It almost look like the fall is coming up from the mist to create the small pool at the bottom, with its gorgeous green colour. It is one of the most photogenic waterfalls in India. Name of the fall is linked to a legend about local women Likai, who became insane after tragedy in her family and jumped off the cliff next to the falls. There are so many things to do when visiting the falls like trekking, bird watching, swimming, camping, and angling. The best time to visit the Nohkalikai Falls is in the month of September and October when the sky is relatively clear.
- Shōmyō Falls : It si the highest waterfall in Japan, at the height of 350 metres (1,148 ft). It is located in the town of Tateyama, Japan. The twin flow waterfalls has been designated as one of the Japan’s 100 Soundscapes- i.e. symbol to promote the rediscovery of everyday sounds. It only flows seasonally from April to July, when melting snow runs down from the Midagahara Plateau.
- Cachoeira da Fumaça : It means “Smoke Falls”, as this waterfall is located in Bahia, Brazil. It is country’s second highest waterfall, after discovering the Cachoeira do Araca. It descends from the height of 380 metres (1,200 ft). It was named because of the way the wind sprays the water, when it fell down. There are a number of excellent hikes in the area, leading either to the waterfall or mountain top.
- Cuquenan Falls : It is the second highest major waterfall in Venezuela and it is also the second tallest free-leaping waterfall in the world. The fall is originated on the Kukenan Tepui, a flat topped mountain with vertical slides, and drops incredibly from the height of 674 metres (2,211 ft) until trickles down towards the base of the mountain.
- Kjelfossen Fall : This fall is located near the village of Gudvangen in the municipality of Aurland in Norway. This spectacular waterfall is considered to be the 18th tallest waterfall in the world with the height of 755 metres (2.477 ft) and its longest single drop is 149 metres (489 ft). It is known for its height much more so than its volume. During the spring and early summer, when the snow is melting and rain is falling consistently, Kjelfossen is rather impressive waterfall, by late autumn, it will be diminished considerably without consistent rain, and may effectively freeze dry during the winter.
- Angel Falls : Angel Falls in Venezuela is not only the highest plunge waterfall in the world but also the highest waterfall of any kind at the height of 979 metres (3,212 ft) and the plunge of 807 metres (2,648 ft). The falls are feeding on the Gauja River (or Kerep River), which flows into the Churun River.
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